Other Monitoring & Assessment Manuals

Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health (IIRH)

The IIRH manual is intended to enable an interdisciplinary team to quickly assess the state of rangeland based on readily-observed criteria using a reference sheet from the ecological site that the survey takes place on. It is not intended for trend determination, but the indicators speak to the biotic integrity, soil and site stability, and hydrologic function at the location.
Este manual también está disponible en español.


Monitoring Rangeland Health: A Guide for Pastoralist Communities and Other Land Managers in Eastern Africa

The African monitoring manual contains simplified methods requiring less specialized training and tools. Although written for use in rural Africa, it can have broader applications.

Sage Grouse Habitat Assessment Framework

The goal of the Habitat Assessment Framework is to provide policy makers, resource managers, and specialists with a framework for the conservation of sagebrush ecosystems across the landscape. This involves landscape-scale mapping and monitoring and provides standardized methods to help gather data locally that can apply to greater-scale monitoring and management efforts.

Wind Erosion Monitoring Network

Due to concerns about soil loss to erosion and the lack of management tools available related to soil erosion, there is an effort underway to develop a monitoring network and, using data from that network, a new model that can be applied across a wide range of scales from a single monitoring plot to an entire region. A poster outlining the basic premise can be downloaded here.

Documentation regarding the ongoing development and application of the network and model will be posted here as it becomes available.

Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring (AIM) Aquatic Indicators

The aquatic-environment companion to the terrestrial AIM methods found in the Monitoring Manual for Grassland, Shrubland and Savanna Ecosystems, this document is in the final stages of development before the release of its first edition. It will be posted here once available.


Monitoring Manual, 1st Edition (2005, 2009)

The Monitoring Manual for Grassland, Shrubland and Savanna Ecosystems is a two volume technical reference intended to provide a standard set of methods for monitoring project design and data gathering. It is the result of a partnership which started in 1994 between USDA-Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Jornada Experimental Range (JER) in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Research and Development, the Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS), and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). It is currently in its second edition and has been revised to reflect input from multiple agencies and experts as well as direct field testing of the methods.

Volume I of the Monitoring Manual contains the basic reference material required to implement a prescribed monitoring program collecting vegetative and soil data pertaining to soil and site stability, hydrologic function, and biotic integrity and can be downloaded here. Volume II contains in-depth information on monitoring program design, supplementary data gathering methods, adapting monitoring to meet special case needs, and data analysis and interpretation and can be downloaded here.

Older versions of Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health

If you need to reference an older version of the manual for Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health, version 3 (published in 2000) is available for download from the BLM library here.

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